Swimming Pools & Hot Tubs

All swimming pools, hot tubs and spas that can hold more than 24" of water require a building and electrical permit. A completed application using the Wake County Permit Portal, a site plan showing the pool and its surrounding decking is required. The site plan shall include all of the information listed below in Site Plan Requirements. Permits are started and site plans reviewed after your permit application is received. Homes served by on-site wastewater systems (septic) require that the location of the pool does not impact the current wastewater system or its repair area, and maintains the required setbacks. A field consultation fee may be required for this service. A permit will be issued if the pool location meets zoning setbacks and is in compliance with the setbacks from onsite wastewater systems (septic). All swimming pools, hot tubs and spas are required to be enclosed by a barrier per Appendix V of the North Carolina Residential Code. 

To permit a new swimming pool you will need to submit:

  • A completed application using the Wake County Permit Portal. You will be required to first set up an account using an email address and password. You will be sent a confirmation email from the Permit Portal with a link to verify your email address. When this step is completed you are now ready to apply for your building permit. 


The permit will be issued when all requirements are met and the permit fees are paid. 

A licensed pool contractor is required when the value is over $30,000. A licensed electrical contractor is required for all bonding and wiring.

Required Inspections: Residential pools require electrical inspections and building inspections. If a pool heater is installed a mechanical inspection will also be required and if a connection is made to potable water a plumbing inspection will also be required. These inspections involve the bonding of all pool metals, accessories and the rebar in any surrounding concrete pool decking; all connections to lights, pumps and controls; suction entrapment protection and fences/barriers. An electrical groundwork inspection is scheduled for bonding and wiring to fixtures and pumps. An electrical final and building final are scheduled for the final hookup of all fixtures, pumps and controls, suction entrapment protection and fence/barrier requirements. All work is to be in accordance with the current North Carolina edition of the National Electrical Code and the North Carolina Residential Code.

State and county regulations require that all pools must be enclosed by a four-foot high fence with openings no wider than four inches, and self-closing self-latching gates. For further specifications of the fence requirements for pools see Appendix V of the North Carolina Residential Code.

Additional information on pools is available in our Environmental Services Department's section of Wakegov.com including regulations, annual swimming operation permits and pool operator certifications. View more information here.


Site Plan Requirements:
A preliminary site plan is required before permits are issued. A final (as-built) site plan may be required prior to the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy. A good resource for a site plan is a survey issued for a recent mortgage or refinance closing. See a Site Plan Example here.
A site plan includes the entire lot, drawn to scale, with the following:
·        Lot lines with dimensions and road frontage shown.
·        All existing and proposed buildings and structures with overall dimensions and, for proposed buildings and structures, the distance measured from the nearest fixed reference points (such as property lines, lot corners, existing building/structures, etc) that can be used to precisely locate the proposed building/structures should be clearly shown.
·        Existing and proposed driveways, parking spaces, patios, pool decking, and walkways with width and surface material identified.
·        Where known, existing or proposed well, septic tank and drain field location(s) or sewer and water easements and proposed connection location(s).
·        All water features including ditches, easements, buffers, and flood hazard areas (FEMA or Flood prone soils).
·        The location, type and relevant dimensions and capacities of storm water management structures, associated easements and other devices.
·        All existing and proposed impervious surfaces clearly itemized and listed in square feet and as a percentage of the net lot size. This can be shown on the site plan or an attached Impervious Surfaces Calculation Worksheet.
·        Parcel identification number (PIN), address of property, north arrow, scale of the site plan, bar scale, and date map prepared (and any revision dates). 
·        If parcel is less than 5 acres, scales of 1" = 20', 30', 40', 50', 60' or 100' are acceptable on paper no larger than 11" x 17".
·        For a parcel of 5 acres or more, scales of 1” = 100’, 200’, 300’, 400’ or 500’ are acceptable in addition to the scales listed above and may be on any size paper.  If the paper is larger than 11” x 17”, or the scale is smaller than 1”=100’, an inset or separate sheet must also be provided showing the proposed construction at a scale of 1” = 20’, 30’, 40’, 50’, 60’ or 100’.
·        As-built surveys must be labeled as such, be completed by a Professional Land Surveyor and include all the above.  The date the as-built is prepared must be on or after the initial building final.
Further information regarding requirements of the Storm water Programs may be obtained from Wake County Environmental Services at 919-856-7400. 
**These are minimum requirements. Special circumstances or small lots may necessitate further requirements**

Wake County Departments & Agencies: