New Single-Family Home

Acquiring a permit for a single-family home requires submittal of a completed application for a residential building permit using the Wake County Permit Portal, a site plan containing the items listed below under Site Plan Requirements,(to see an example of a site plan click here: Site Plan Example) and building plans with the information listed below in building plans with the information listed below in Residential Plan Submittal Requirements. If the home will be constructed on a lot that is not located in a major subdivision, a copy of the recorded plat for that particular property may be required. If on-site wastewater (septic) systems and/or private water supply (well) are required on the lot, Permits staff will begin this process with the application of the building permit and you will be contacted by Wake County Environmental Services. Permit applications and plans will be reviewed in the order they are received by the Permits and Plan Review staff. The permit will be issued when all outstanding permitting issues are completed and the applicable permit fees have been paid.   

Reminder:  A Certificate of Occupancy is required before occupancy of any new or relocated single-family home.

To permit a new single-family home you will need to submit:

·        A completed application using the Wake County Permit Portal. You will be required to first set up an account using an email address and password. You will be sent a confirmation email from the Permit Portal with a link to verify your email address. When this step is completed you are now ready to apply for your building permit. 
·        A site plan meeting all of the specifications listed below in Site Plan Requirements. To see an example of a site plan click here: Site Plan Example
·        Building plans detailing the work to be performed. The building plans shall detail the construction in accordance with the Residential Plan Submittal Requirements listed below as it applies to the particular project.
·        A certificate of workers' compensation insurance or a completed affidavit of workers compensation exemption form for licensed general contractors.
·        A completed and notarized affidavit owner contractor form for any project over $30,000 where an owner is listed as the general contractor.
·        A land disturbance permit is required for any lot within a subdivision (even if the land disturbance is less than 1 acre) and for any lot with disturbance over 1 acre outside of a subdivision. Apply through the permit portal for Land Disturbance – Individual Lot(s). Information on Single-Lot Erosion Control is available by clicking on this link: Single-Lot Erosion Control
·        Your permit may also require a review by watershed management if there are flood hazard areas or if your proposed impervious area exceeds the allowable limit. These reviews are $50 each and will be invoiced through the Portal.


Site Plan Requirements:
A preliminary site plan is required before permits are issued. A final (as-built) site plan may be required prior to the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy. A good resource for a site plan is a survey issued for a recent mortgage or refinance closing. To see an example of a site plan click here: Site Plan Example
A site plan includes the entire lot, drawn to scale, with the following:
·        Lot lines with dimensions and road frontage shown.
·        All existing and proposed buildings and structures with overall dimensions and, for proposed buildings and structures, the distance measured from the nearest fixed reference points (such as property lines, lot corners, existing building/structures, etc) that can be used to precisely locate the proposed building/structures should be clearly shown.
·        Existing and proposed driveways, parking spaces, patios, pool decking, and walkways with width and surface material identified.
·        Where known, existing or proposed well, septic tank and drain field location(s) or sewer and water easements and proposed connection location(s).
·        All water features including ditches, easements, buffers, and flood hazard areas (FEMA or Flood prone soils).
·        The location, type and relevant dimensions and capacities of storm water management structures, associated easements and other devices.
·        All existing and proposed impervious surfaces clearly itemized and listed in square feet and as a percentage of the net lot size. This can be shown on the site plan or an attached impervious calculation worksheet. To access the impervious surfaces calculation worksheet please click on this link: Impervious Surfaces Calculation Worksheet
·        Parcel identification number (PIN), address of property, north arrow, scale of the site plan, bar scale, and date map prepared (and any revision dates). 
·        If parcel is less than 5 acres, scales of 1" = 20', 30', 40', 50', 60' or 100' are acceptable on paper no larger than 11" x 17".
·        For a parcel of 5 acres or more, scales of 1” = 100’, 200’, 300’, 400’ or 500’ are acceptable in addition to the scales listed above and may be on any size paper.  If the paper is larger than 11” x 17”, or the scale is smaller than 1”=100’, an inset or separate sheet must also be provided showing the proposed construction at a scale of 1” = 20’, 30’, 40’, 50’, 60’ or 100’.
·        As-built surveys must be labeled as such, be completed by a Professional Land Surveyor and include all the above.  The date the as-built is prepared must be on or after the initial building final.
Further information regarding requirements of the Storm water Programs may be obtained from Wake County Environmental Services at 919-856-7400. 
**These are minimum requirements.  Special circumstances or small lots may necessitate further requirements**

Residential Plan Submittal Requirements:

The following is provided as a guide for obtaining building plan approval for residential  single-family dwellings, modular homes, additions and renovations in the unincorporated areas of Wake County, as well as those municipal areas contracting with Wake County. This applies to all plans submitted under the North Carolina Residential Code, current edition. All plans submitted are required to contain this information.

All plans submitted for permitting are required to match site plan layouts exactly, including I-Joist, floor and roof truss layouts.

Foundation/first-floor framing plan with:
A. Specific wall footing width and depth of pour.
B. Detailed foundation wall size and construction type.
C. Wall construction size and type of construction.
D. Floor slab details.
E. Pier and footing sizes with dimensions for their location and spacing.
F. Girder sizes and locations, floor joist direction, bearing, size, spacing and species.
G. Foundation vent calculations and foundation access door size and location.
H. Anchor bolts are required at all foundations and must be shown on plan.
Floor plans with:
A. Location and size of walls, windows, doors and stairs.
B. Beams and headers, with supports and attachments.
C. Ceiling plan with ceiling joist directions, bearing, size, spacing and species.
Roof framing showing:
A. Direction, bearing, size, spacing and species of rafters as well as special ridges or support for vaults, cathedral areas and valleys.
B. Roof vent calculations and roof coverings.
C. Truss layouts are required when manufactured roof trusses are to be used, except for the simplest roof designs.
Miscellaneous information:
A. Insulation values for floors, walls and ceilings for conditioned spaces.
B. Attic access, elevations, and calculated areas for finished floor spaces and garage.
C. Energy requirements must be per the NC Energy Conservation Code.
D. Mean roof height or assumed mean roof height must be stated. Design values for cladding must be provided based upon mean roof height.
Note: All structural information must comply with North Carolina Residential Building Code, current edition. Structural elements not found in North Carolina Residential Code must be sealed by a professional engineer or architect registered in the State of North Carolina or comply with other professionally recognized evaluation services, such as NES.


         Wake County Departments & Agencies: