What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin.
Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into
energy needed for daily life.
 
Risk Factors of Developing Diabetes:
·         45 years or older
·         Overweight or obese
·         Physically inactive
·         Have a family history of diabetes
 
Warning Signs of Diabetes:
Diabetes may go undiagnosed because many of its symptoms seem harmless.
Recent studies indicate that the early detection and treatment of diabetes
decrease the chances of developing complications. The following symptoms
may be early signs of diabetes:
·         Excessive thirst
·         Constant hunger
·         Excessive urination
·         Sudden weight loss
·         Rapid, hard breathing
·         Sudden vision changes
·         Weakness or fatigue
·         Drowsiness or exhaustion
·         Sores that are slow to heal
·         Fruity odor to breath
·         Numbness or tingling in hands or feet
 
Managing Diabetes:
American Diabetes Association recommends:
·         Planning your meals and eating smaller portions.
·         Eating a wide variety of foods each day.
·         Choosing low fat and high fiber foods (fruits, vegetables, whole grains and beans).
·         Being more active- 30 minutes or more of exercise most days of the week is recommended for adults. Check with your doctor before beginning an exercise program.
·         Having good dental hygiene- brushing your teeth twice a day & flossing daily.